However, the issue of representation threatened to destroy the seven-week-old Convention. Delegates from the major states felt that because they contributed proportionately more to the country`s financial and defensive resources, their states should have proportional representation in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Delegates from small states called, with comparable intensity, for all states to be represented in the same way in both houses. When Sherman proposed the compromise, Benjamin Franklin agreed that each state should have the same vote in the Senate on all matters except those related to money. During the recess of the Convention at the end of July, the retail committee inserted language that would prohibit the federal government from prohibiting the international slave trade and imposing taxes on the purchase or sale of slaves. This commission contributed to the development of a compromise: in exchange for this concession, the federal government`s power to regulate foreign trade would be strengthened by provisions authorizing the taxation of the slave trade on the international market and reducing by a simple majority the transit requirement of the navigation laws of two-thirds of the majorities of the two congressengoing palaces. Until July 16, the Convention had already set the minimum age for senators at 30 and the term at six, compared to 25 years for members of the House of Representatives for a two-year term. James Madison explained that these distinctions, based on ”the nature of the confidence of senators, which requires a greater degree of information and character stability,” would allow the Senate to continue ”with more freshness, with more system and with more wisdom than the popular branch [ly] chosen.” Exactly 200 years ago, the authors of the U.S. Constitution gathered at Independence Hall reached an extremely important agreement. Their so-called ”Great Compromise” (or Connecticut compromise in honor of its architects, S.G.S. MPs Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut) offered a dual system of congressional representation. In the House of Representatives, each state would be allocated a number of seats relative to its population. In the Senate, all states would have the same number of seats.
Today, we believe that this regulation is self-evident; in the summer of 1787 welk-hot, it was a new idea. The Great Compromise of 1787, also known as the Sherman Compromise, was an agreement reached at the 1787 Constitutional Convention between delegates from states of large and small population, which defined the structure of Congress and the number of representatives each state would have in Congress in accordance with the Constitution of the United States. Under the agreement proposed by Connecticut Congressman Roger Sherman, Congress would be a ”bicameral chamber” or a bicameral body, with each state receiving a certain number of representatives in the lower house (the House of Representatives) in proportion to its population and two representatives in the upper chamber (the Senate).